In the first step, a civil suit must be filed in a court of law. Once a summons is served to the defendant, it is his or her responsibility to appear personally or by representative. Failure to appear will result in a dismissal of the suit. In addition, the judge will pass judgment in a civil suit. The judgment serves as the basis for a decree, and is announced by the court immediately or within a month.
The next step is the first hearing. At the first hearing, the court will ask the parties to indicate whether they agree or disagree with the allegations. Questions will be asked orally by the judge, and any agreement or denial will be recorded in writing. This hearing is outlined in Order 10 of the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908.
The next step is the trial stage. This involves hearing witnesses, reviewing documents, and finding answers to issues. This stage can take months or hours, depending on the type of case. Witnesses are examined and evidence presented to the judge. Once all the evidence is gathered, the court will determine whether to award the plaintiff money or send the defendant to prison. At this point, the parties can discuss settlement or try to settle their disputes without a trial.
In addition to these proceedings, the parties may change their pleadings before the final arguments. This is possible only if the court grants prior permission. If there are any procedural irregularities, the registry has the right to dismiss the suit. So, be sure to know the process of civil suits before bringing one. You never know when you will need to file a civil suit. So, if you have any questions about the process of the court, read this article carefully and understand how the court will rule.